Travel is a fantastic and once in a lifetime experience, especially when you can emerge yourself into a different culture. However there are a number of risks in the form of diseases that can be caught while in unfamiliar countries. Here is a list of some of the diseases that can be caught, where they are at high risk, and how they can be prevented. 

 

DENGUE FEVER

This is at high risk when travelling to China and also Taiwan. It is an especially high risk when there is an epidemic transmission.
There is no preventative medication for Dengue fever, however prevention of mosquito bites through protective clothing, and not going out during the day time when these particular mosquito’s bite, is a big help in prevention.  

 

HEPATITIS B

This is at high risk in all areas of East Asia except for Japan. Prevention can be taken by reducing intimate contact with individuals that are suspected to be infected with Hepatitis B. It is recommended that you be vaccinated 6 months before travel. 

 

MALARIA

This is at high risk in China when travelling in rural areas. If you are visiting cities and popular rural destinations then the risk is significantly lower. There are rural areas in China however, that are not at high risk, including Tsinghai, Heilungkiang and provinces that border Mongolia. 

If you will be travelling to rural parts of China then it is recommended that you take Chloroquine tablets, one tablet per week of 500mg. This medication should be started a week before travelling to a risk area, whilst in the high-risk area and for four weeks after leaving the high-risk area. 

 

JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS

This is at high risk in East Asian countries including Korea, China, Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan and Japan.  It is at it’s highest during rainy seasons, and in rural areas. If you are going to be travelling to any of these areas for more than 3 weeks at one time then it is recommended to have the immunisation.

 



 RABIES

East Asian areas including rural parts of Japan and Taiwan are at high risk, especially when large numbers of dogs are found. Animals should be avoided in these areas, and vaccinations are recommended to be had before travelling.


 

 

YELLOW FEVER

South America and Africa are at the highest risk of Yellow Fever. It is contracted through mosquito bites, and can be prevented by having the yellow fever immunisation.

 

TYPHOID FEVER

East Asia is a high-risk zone for Typhoid fever, particularly in the rural areas. This can be prevented by only drinking boiled or bottled water, and not water from the tap. Avoid eating food that isn’t cooked thoroughly, and consider taking the typhoid fever tablets or having the immunization before travel.

 


CHOLERA

South East Asia, in particular China is a high-risk area for Cholera. It is recommended to have the vaccine if you suffer from stomach ulcers or if you will be staying in unsanitary conditions. Prevent yourself by eating thoroughly cooked food and only drinking bottled or boiled water. 

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By Lucy Marshall
London

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Brighton

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Newcastle

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